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Visceral leishmaniasis masquerading as tuberculosis in a patient with AIDS
  1. Amitabh Yaduvanshi,
  2. Meenakshi Jain,
  3. S K Jain,
  4. Shyama Jain,
  5. Suneet Arora
  1. Departments of Medicine and Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi 110 002, India
  1. Dr SK Jain, Block 20/59, Lodhi Colony, Delhi 110003, India


We report a case of visceral leishmaniasis presenting as significant lymphadenopathy in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The lymphadenopathy was initially suspected to be tubercular in nature on pathological examination. This report highlights the increasing incidence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome and Leishmania co-infection in India, and the importance of demonstrating tubercle bacilli on culture before suggesting a diagnosis of tuberculosis.

  • leishmaniasis
  • AIDS
  • tuberculosis
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