Table 2

Modified Framingham clinical criteria11

Major criteriaMinor criteria
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoeaBilateral leg oedema
OrthopnoeaNocturnal cough
Elevated jugular venous pressureDyspnoea on ordinary exertion
Pulmonary ralesHepatomegaly
S3Pleural effusion
Cardiomegaly on chest X-rayTachycardia (heart rate ≥120 bpm)
Pulmonary oedema on chest X-rayWeight loss ≥4.5 kg in 5 days
Weight loss ≥4.5 kg in 5 days after medical treatment for heart failure