Table 1

Clinical manifestations of firework-related eye injuries in 99 patients

Clinical manifestationN (%)
Eyelid laceration36 (30.5)
Orbital fracture17 (14.4)
Canalicular laceration4 (3.4)
Symblepharon3 (2.5)
Anterior segment trauma
 Hyphaema49 (41.5)
 Corneal/sclera/corneoscleral laceration39 (33.1)
 Traumatic cataract34 (28.8)
 Conjunctival/corneal foreign body29 (24.6)
 Corneal contusion (corneal blood staining)23(4) (19.5)
 Iris laceration/iridodialysis22 (18.6)
 Angle recession/secondary glaucoma22 (18.6)
 Lens subluxation/luxation17 (14.4)
 Ciliary body detachment16 (13.6)
 Traumatic iritis9 (7.6)
Posterior segment trauma
 Vitreous haemorrhage49 (41.5)
 Optic nerve/retinal contusion34 (28.8)
 Retinal detachment20 (16.9)
 Choroidal detachment20 (16.9)
 Traumatic retinal/macular hole17 (13/4) (14.4)
 Intraocular foreign body12 (10.2)
 Endophthalmitis6 (5.1)
 Choroid rupture3 (2.5)