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Update on management of epilepsy in women for the non-neurologist
  1. Inuka Kishara Gooneratne1,
  2. Sunil Wimalaratna1,2
  1. 1Department of Neurology, Kettering General Hospital, Kettering, UK
  2. 2Neurosciences Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospital, Oxford, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Inuka Kishara Gooneratne, 1D Bracegirdle Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 8RJ, UK; kishig{at}


Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, prevalent in about 1% of the population. Almost half of the patients with epilepsy are women. Epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs can affect each aspect of the female human life cycle which includes menstrual cycle, contraception, fertility, conception, pregnancy and menopause. The interplay of the female hormonal state and epilepsy is complex and has to be taken in to consideration when managing their epilepsy. This review focuses on the management of women with epilepsy related to their role in reproduction.

  • Effect of female hormones on epilepsy
  • Epilepsy in Pregnancy
  • Catamenial epilepsy
  • Contraception in women with epilepsy
  • Menopause and epilepsy

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