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Neuroimaging in non-accidental head injury in children: an important element of assessment
  1. S Rajaram1,2,
  2. R Batty1,2,
  3. C D C Rittey3,
  4. P D Griffiths4,
  5. D J A Connolly1,2
  1. 1Department of Paediatric Radiology, Sheffield Children's Hospital, Sheffield, UK
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK
  3. 3Department of Paediatric Neurology, Sheffield Children's Hospital, Sheffield, UK
  4. 4Academic Unit of Radiology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr S Rajaram, Department of Radiology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, South Yorkshire S10 2JF, UK; docmeethu{at}


Head injury from physical abuse is unfortunately a common occurrence in our society. It is a major cause of mortality and long-term physical and psychological disability in children. Diagnosis of non-accidental head injury may be difficult, as most infants present with non-specific clinical findings and without external signs of trauma. Neuroimaging plays a fundamental role both for medical management and medicolegal aspects of child abuse. It is therefore imperative for the radiologist to promptly recognise the radiological findings of various forms of non-accidental head injury to render a more accurate opinion. A standardised imaging protocol and good communication between professionals are essential for optimum management.

  • Paediatric radiology
  • non-accidental injury
  • neuroradiology

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  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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