Search for secondary osteoporosis: are Z scores useful predictors?
- 1Department of Endocrinology, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, UK
- 2MEMO, Division of Medicine & Therapeutics, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, UK
- 3Department of Rheumatology, Perth Royal Infirmary, Perth, UK
- 4Department of Medicine, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, UK
- Dr K Swaminathan, Wards 1&2, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK;
- Received 30 October 2007
- Accepted 26 September 2008
Aim: To determine whether Z scores can be used to predict the likelihood of patients having a secondary cause of low bone mineral density.
Methods: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted among 136 consecutive patients with osteoporosis at Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, UK, between 1998–2002.
Results: 20.5% of female patients in this study were identified with previously unrecognised contributors to the low bone mineral density. In women, at a Z score cut-off of −1, the sensitivity of detecting a secondary cause for osteoporosis is 87.5% with a positive predictive value of 29.2%.
Conclusion: In women, a Z score of −1 would identify a majority of patients with a secondary cause for low bone mineral density and identifies patients who would especially benefit from a thorough history and clinical examination.
Competing interests: None.