Article Text

Multimodality imaging in hyperparathyroidism
  1. C N Patel,
  2. A F Scarsbrook
  1. Department of Radiology, St James’s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr A F Scarsbrook, Department of Radiology, St James’s University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK; andrew.scarsbrook{at}


Imaging of patients with hyperparathyroidism has evolved over the last decade and transformed surgical management of the disease. Traditional bilateral neck dissection and exploratory surgery has been overtaken by focused, minimally invasive procedures in patients with single-gland disease. Accurate preoperative localisation of the involved parathyroid gland is the cornerstone for success of the new surgical techniques. In this article, the strengths, limitations and respective roles of different imaging modalities used to evaluate patients with hyperparathyroidism will be reviewed.

  • hyperparathyroidism
  • parathyroid surgery
  • ultrasound
  • scintigraphy

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and Peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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