Article Text

PDF
Evaluation of the thyroid nodule
  1. D Ghassi,
  2. A Donato
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, The Reading Hospital and Medical Center, West Reading, Philadelphia, USA
  1. Dr D Ghassi, 10 F Downing Square, Guilderland, NY 12084, USA; dimpleghassi2{at}yahoo.com

Abstract

The annual incidence of thyroid cancer worldwide is 1 case per 100 000 men and 2.6 cases per 100 000 women. Most thyroid nodules are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally on physical examination, self-palpation or incidentally on imaging studies performed for unrelated reasons. Although the majority of both palpable and non-palpable thyroid nodules are benign, ∼5% may represent thyroid cancer. Thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration biopsy are key tests to guide management. Physicians caring for patients with thyroid nodules need to develop a rational, cost-effective approach to ordering and interpreting imaging and diagnostic tests in the evaluation of the thyroid nodule.

  • endocrinology
  • carcinoma of the thyroid
  • thyroid nodule

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.