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Bilateral facial nerve palsy associated with HIV seroconversion illness
  1. J C L Yeo1,
  2. M I Trotter2,
  3. F Wilson2
  1. 1
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Luton and Dunstable NHS Foundation Trust, Luton, UK
  2. 2
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, UK
  1. Mr J C L Yeo, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Luton and Dunstable NHS Foundation Trust, Lewsey Road, Luton LU4 0DZ, UK; j_yeo{at}doctors.org.uk

Abstract

Bilateral facial nerve palsy is a rare but recognised manifestation of HIV seroconversion illness. The pathophysiology of this clinical presentation is thought to be associated with the immune response of the dissemination of virus throughout the body. We describe a case of bilateral facial nerve palsy, subsequently diagnosed with HIV. Related medical literature is also reviewed. The case highlights the vigilance required in unusual, atypical signs and symptoms if a diagnosis of HIV infection is not to be missed. Clinicians should be aware of the potential presentation of HIV seroconversion illness to provide opportunity for early diagnosis and intervention.

  • facial paralysis
  • HIV

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

  • Funding: None

  • Patient consent: Informed consent was obtained for publication of the person's details and the figures in this report.

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