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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in SLE nephritis
  1. R Sinha1,
  2. R M Hurley2
  1. 1
    BC Children’s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  2. 2
    Division of Nephrology, BC Children’s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  1. Dr R Sinha, British Columbia Children’s Hospital, Division of Nephrology, 4480, Oak Street, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V4, Canada; rajivsinha_in{at}yahoo.com

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A 16-year-old girl with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis was started on pulse methylprednisolone and monthly cyclophosphamide infusion. She was already on antihypertensive for border line hypertension (130/80–140/90 mm Hg). On day 4 of treatment she suddenly started complaining of headache and subtle neurological symptoms including disorientation, blurred vision and motor apraxia. This was followed by a brief episode of generalised fit. Apart from being in post-ictal aura her gross neurological examination including fundoscopy was unremarkable. Her blood pressure around this episode was 150/80–160/90 mm Hg. Serum electrolytes and calcium were within normal range.

Urgent neuroimaging was arranged. Axial fluid-attenuated …

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