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Recent advances and controversies in adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Abstract

Since its introduction more than four and half decades ago, the science of cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been enriched with a significant amount of scientific evidence. This in turn has led to the birth of new evidence based guidelines for resuscitation published by the European Resuscitation Council and the American Heart Association in late 2005. This article aims to review the recent advances and controversies in the science of resuscitation.

  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CPR
  • defibrillation

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Footnotes

  • Conflict of interest statement: The author does not have any financial or other conflict of interest

  • Abbreviations:
    AED
    automated external defibrillator
    AHA
    American Heart Association
    BTE
    biphasic truncated exponential
    CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    EMS
    emergency medical services
    ERC
    European Resuscitation Council
    OPALS
    Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support Study
    ORBIT
    Out-of-hospital Rectilinear Biphasic Investigational Trial
    PAD
    public access defibrillation
    RLB
    rectilinear biphasic
    SCA
    sudden cardiac arrest
    VF
    ventricular fibrillation
    VT
    ventricular tachycardia

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