Community-acquired pneumonia: doctors do not follow national guidelines
- Paul Collini1,
- Mike Beadsworth1,
- Jim Anson2,
- Tim Neal2,
- Peter Burnham3,
- Paul Deegan4,
- Nick Beeching1,
- Alastair Miller1
- 1Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
- 2Department of Medical Microbiology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
- 3Medical Assessment Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
- 4Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
- Correspondence to: Dr Mike Beadsworth Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool L78XP, UK;
- Received 17 December 2006
- Accepted 4 April 2007
Objectives: Appropriate assessment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) allows accurate severity scoring and hence optimal management, leading to reduced morbidity and mortality. British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines provide an appropriate score. Adherence to BTS guidelines was assessed in our medical assessment unit (MAU) in 2001/2 and again in 2005/6, 3 years after introducing an educational programme.
Methods: A retrospective case-note study, comparing diagnosis, documentation of severity, management and outcome of CAP during admission to MAU during 3 months of each winter in 2001/2 and 2005/6.
Results: In 2001/2, 65/165 patients were wrongly coded as CAP and 100 were included in the study. In 2005/6 43/130 were excluded and 87 enrolled. In 2005/6, 87% did not receive a severity score, a significant increase from 48% in 2001/2 (p<0.0001). Parenteral antibiotics were given to 79% of patients in 2001/2 and 77% in 2005/6, and third generation cephalosporins were given to 63% in 2001/2 and 54% in 2005/6 (p = NS). In 2001, 15 different antibiotic regimens were prescribed, increasing to 19 in 2005/6.
Conclusions: Coding remains poor. Adherence to CAP management guidelines was poor and has significantly worsened. Educational programmes, alone, do not improve adherence. Restriction of antibiotic prescribing should be considered.
- ARM, antimicrobial resistance
- BTS, British Thoracic Society
- CAP, community-acquired pneumonia
- CURB, Confusion, raised Urea, increased Respiratory rate and hypotension (BP)
- ICD-10, International classification of diseases, 10th ed
- MAU, medical assessment unit
- PRHO, pre-registration house officer
- SHO, senior house officer
Conflict of interest: none stated