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Management of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B
  1. Nripen Saikia,
  2. Rupjyoti Talukdar,
  3. Subhasish Mazumder,
  4. Sudeep Khanna,
  5. Rakesh Tandon
  1. Department of Gastroenterology, Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Nripen Saikia
 Department of Gastroenterology, Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute, Sheikh Sarai Phase II, Press Enclave Marg, New Delhi 110017, India; saikia.n{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although various drugs are available for the treatment of CHB, emergence of the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative mutant variant, specifically in Asia, the Middle East and southern Europe, is creating a new challenge as this variant is less responsive to available treatments. HBeAg-negative CHB rapidly progresses to cirrhosis and its related complications. This review discusses the available literature on the approved and under-trial treatment options and their respective efficacies for HBeAg-negative CHB.

  • ALT, alanine aminotransferase
  • CHB, chronic hepatitis B
  • ETR, end-of-treatment response
  • HBeAg, hepatitis B e antigen
  • HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen
  • HBV, hepatitis B virus
  • HCC, hepatocellular carcinoma
  • IFN, interferon
  • PCR, polymerase chain reaction
  • PEG-IFN, polyethylene glycol moiety attached to interferon
  • YMDD, tyrosine methionine d-aspartate d-aspartate
  • chronic hepatitis B
  • HbeAg negative
  • resistant
  • entecavir
  • lamivudine
  • combination therapy

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

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