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Long term prognosis of heart failure after acute coronary syndromes without ST elevation
  1. M C Shibata1,2,
  2. J Collinson1,
  3. A K Taneja1,
  4. A Bakhai3,
  5. M D Flather1,4
  1. 1Clinical Trials and Evaluation Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK
  2. 2Division of Cardiology, EPICORE Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
  3. 3Barnet and Chase Farm NHS Trust, London, UK
  4. 4National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr M Flather
 Clinical Trials and Evaluation Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, UK; m.flather{at}rbh.nthames.nhs.uk

Abstract

Background: Information about long term outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) who have clinically diagnosed heart failure is scarce.

Methods: In a UK registry, this study evaluated patients with non-ST elevation ACS, recording treatment, and clinical outcomes for six months. In a subgroup, a four year mortality follow up was performed to estimate the impact of the clinical diagnosis of heart failure on survival.

Results: Of 1046 patients, 139 (13%) had a history of clinically diagnosed heart failure. At discharge, ACE inhibitors were prescribed for 58% and 28%, of those with and without a history of heart failure respectively (p<0.001). Rates of angiography, percutaneous intervention, and coronary artery bypass graft were 17.3% and 29.2% (p = 0.003), 5.0% and 8.4% (p = 0.17), and 5.0% and 7.5% (p = 0.3) for these groups respectively. Death or new myocardial infarction at six months occurred in 22% and 10% (p<0.001) and at four years death occurred in 60% and 20% of these groups respectively (p<0.001). In a multivariate analysis prior heart failure carried an odds ratio of 2.0 (p = 0.001) for death or myocardial infarction at six months and 2.4 (p<0.001) for death over four years. New heart failure was associated with an increased risk of death at six months (20% compared with 5%, p<0.001).

Conclusion: A clinical history of heart failure carries a substantial risk of death in patients admitted with ACS without ST elevation. Nearly 60% of those with prior heart failure are dead after four years. After adjustment for confounding factors, prior heart failure more than doubles the risk compared with those with no history.

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass graft
  • ACS, acute coronary syndrome
  • PCI, percutaneous intervention
  • MI, myocardial infarction
  • acute coronary syndromes
  • epidemiology
  • heart failure

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Footnotes

  • Funding: none.

  • Conflicts of interest: none declared.

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