Article Text


Prosper Ménière (18 June 1799)

Statistics from

Prosper Ménière (1799–1862) was born at Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France, son of a tradesman. He graduated in medicine in Paris with a gold medal (1826), MD (1828), and became assistant to Dupuytren at the Hôtel Dieu; he eventually became chief physician to the Institution for Deaf Mutes. Just before he died he described a condition of middle age comprising vertigo, nausea, headache, deafness and tinnitus, occurring in attacks. He attributed his syndrome to dysfunction in the semicircular canals.

He married Mlle Becquerel, of a family with numerous links to medicine, otolaryngology, and radioactivity. He died of pneumonia on 7 February 1862.—D G James

View Abstract

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.