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The effect of nilvadipine on bloodflow in the dorsal pedis artery in type 2 diabetic patients--a study using duplex Doppler ultrasonography.
  1. H. Sone,
  2. Y. Okuda,
  3. M. Mizutani,
  4. Y. Kawakami,
  5. C. Bannai,
  6. K. Yamashita
  1. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Japan.


    The effects of nilvadipine on the peripheral circulation in the lower extremities using a duplex system of two-dimensional colour and pulse Doppler ultrasonography were studied in 32 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild essential hypertension. The patients (19 men and 13 women) were randomly divided into treatment and control groups. The anatomical cross-sectional area and blood flow index of the dorsal pedis artery were determined by colour and pulse Doppler ultrasonography before and 60 min after administration of 4 mg nilvadipine or placebo. Pulse rate and blood pressure were measured simultaneously. There were no significant changes in pulse rate or blood pressure after administration of either drug. Both cross-sectional areas (from 4.3 +/- 0.4 to 5.2 +/- 0.5 mm2, p < 0.05) and blood flow index (from 40.3 +/- 4.3 to 58.8 +/- 9.0, p < 0.05) were significantly increased in the treatment group, whereas there were no significant changes in either measurement in the control group. The findings showed that a single administration of nilvadipine increases blood flow in the dorsal pedis arteries of diabetic patients.

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