Hyperkalaemia is associated with diabetes, but there are no recent reports of its prevalence and associations. Serum potassium concentrations were measured in all 1764 patients attending a diabetic clinic over a 12-month period and found to be > 5.0 mmol/l in 270 (15%), and > 5.4 mmol/l in 67 (4%). There was no other evident cause of hyperkalaemia in 41 of these 67 patients. These data serve to highlight the risk of dangerous hyperkalaemia in diabetic patients, particularly with concurrent administration of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors and potassium-sparing diuretics.
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