Article Text


Syndrome X--angina and normal coronary angiography.
  1. A. Chauhan
  1. Department of Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary, UK.


    It is clear that angina pectoris with normal coronary arteries is a heterogeneous and ill-defined syndrome that encompasses different pathogenic entities. Differences in patient selection and in definition of 'syndrome X' has made comparison between different study groups rather difficult. Two decades of investigations have not revealed a specific cause of this syndrome. There is now a general belief that syndrome X probably encompasses several pathophysiological disease entities and the mechanisms involved in syndrome X remain to be fully elucidated.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.