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Raising HDL cholesterol with low-dose nicotinic acid and bezafibrate: preliminary experience.
  1. M. H. Luria,
  2. D. Sapoznikov
  1. Department of Cardiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.

    Abstract

    Nicotinic acid is an effective agent for elevating HDL cholesterol but is limited by side effects. In order to improve tolerance and lipid levels, we combined low-dose nicotinic acid with bezafibrate. We gave low-dose (mean 435 mg/day) nicotinic acid to 37 patients with low HDL cholesterol, bezafibrate (mean 476 mg/day) to 58 patients with elevated total cholesterol and both agents (mean nicotinic acid 435 mg/day and bezafibrate 512 mg/day) to 25 patients with low HDL cholesterol and elevated total cholesterol. A total of 53 additional patients were followed as controls. Three intervals of treatment were studied: 0-6, 6-12 and > 12 months. The combination of drugs resulted in significant (P < 0.05) percentage changes in total cholesterol, triglycerides and total/HDL cholesterol compared to nicotinic acid alone and significant (P < 0.04) percentage changes in HDL cholesterol compared to bezafibrate alone. It is concluded that low doses of nicotinic acid may result in significant changes in HDL cholesterol; when combined with bezafibrate significant alterations in total cholesterol, triglycerides and total/HDL cholesterol also result.

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