Seven cases of intracerebral haemorrhage were identified following the use of thrombolytic therapy in a total of 710 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Each case was reviewed in detail with particular attention to the presenting symptoms. A confusional state was the commonest initial feature. Increased age and male sex were associated with increased risk of cerebral bleed. The possible role of intravenous heparin in increasing risk and the management of affected cases is discussed. Early recognition and action is emphasized.