Article Text

PDF

Influence of cigarette smoking on the outcome of coronary care unit admissions with chest pain.
  1. S. Mallya,
  2. P. M. Calverley,
  3. I. A. MacFarlane,
  4. S. Hughes,
  5. G. Johnston,
  6. C. van Heyningen
  1. Department of Medicine and Pathology, Aintree Hospitals, Liverpool, UK.

    Abstract

    We studied the effect of current smoking habits in the period immediately before admission to hospital in 90 consecutive patients presenting with chest pain, 50 of whom were shown to have myocardial infarction. Urine cotinine/creatinine (cot/creat) ratio measured within 4 hours of admission was used as an objective marker of cigarette smoking in the preceding 18 hours. Fifty-seven patients had urine cot/creat ratios suggesting recent smoking, although four of these denied smoking. Patients with myocardial infarction had higher median cot/creat ratios (3.31 micrograms/mg, range 0-17.8) compared with patients with non-infarct chest pain (0.5 microgram/mg, range 0-37.2). Sixteen patients with cardiac rhythm disturbances following infarction had significantly higher cot/creat ratios than the 34 infarct patients without this complication (median and range 8.34 micrograms/mg; 0-17.8 V. 1.87 micrograms/mg; 0-16.4, P < 0.01). Tobacco use in the 24 hours before myocardial infarction may predispose to cardiac rhythm disturbance, irrespective of infarct size.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.