Two young men, were hospitalized due to acute massive blood loss with left abdominal flank pain. In both cases renal angiography showed signs of a haemorrhagic event in the left kidney, perirenal in one and subcapsular in the other. Microaneurysms indicated a diagnosis of polyarteritis nodosa, supported by renal biopsy in one case. Renal haemorrhage is an infrequent presentation of polyarteritis nodosa. Furthermore, one patient suffered also from familial Mediterranean fever, and is the fifth reported case with this combination of diseases.
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