Postgrad Med J 63:475-478 doi:10.1136/pgmj.63.740.475
  • Research Article

The journal club and medical education: over one hundred years of unrecorded history.

  1. M. Linzer
  1. Department of Community Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY.


      Sir William Osler organized a journal club at McGill University in 1875, and several authors suggest that journal clubs were found in certain European countries (in particular, Germany and England) prior to that time. The evolution and development of the journal club, however, has not been recorded in the medical literature. Through personal communications and interviews with senior clinicians and historians, I have traced the history of the journal club as an educational modality. In the early 1900s in Germany, journal clubs were routinely found in departments of medicine and medical schools. From 1917-1975, journal clubs evolved into a forum for continuing medical education. Recently, journal clubs have been designed to teach critical appraisal skills to physicians-in-training. Journal clubs are currently found in the fields of medicine, surgery, psychiatry, nursing, pharmacy, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics and geriatric social service. This powerful educational tool has played an active role in medical education for over a century. The journal club should be more formally incorporated into the medical educational curriculum.

      Free sample
      This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of PMJ.
      View free sample issue >>

      Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

      Navigate This Article