Article Text

PDF

The prognostic value of blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin estimation in patients with stroke.
  1. N. H. Cox,
  2. J. W. Lorains

    Abstract

    In a prospective study of 109 patients admitted to hospital with a provisional diagnosis of acute stroke, 87 were found to have acute hemiplegic stroke lasting more than 24 hours, and did not have any other co-existing life-threatening disorder. In 81 of these patients, blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1) were measured at the time of admission. Thirteen of these 81 patients (16%) were hyperglycaemic--in 5 cases, normal HbA1 was found in conjunction with hyperglycaemia suggesting that this represented a 'stress' response. There was no significant difference in age or in blood glucose level between those who died as a result of stroke and those who survived. However, hyperglycaemia with normal HbA1 was demonstrated in 4 of 26 patients who died compared to only one of 55 survivors (P less than 0.02), and all 3 patients with blood glucose greater than 10 mmol/l in conjunction with normal HbA1 died as a result of stroke. Biochemical evidence of 'stress' hyperglycaemia in patients with acute stroke suggests a poor prognosis.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.