Article Text


Comparison of nifedipine (retard formulation) and mefruside in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension--a prospective randomized double-blind crossover study in general practice.
  1. A. P. Douglas-Jones,
  2. A. D. Mitchell


    Twenty-two patients under general practice care, suffering mild to moderate hypertension and receiving no active treatment had three baseline blood pressure measurements taken during a single blind 4-week placebo run-in period. One patient was secondarily excluded at this stage because of a placebo response and one patient dropped out for personal reasons. The remaining 20 patients were randomized to receive either nifedipine 20 mg twice a day or mefruside 25 mg once a day in a classical two-period crossover design with 8-week treatment periods separated by a 4-week single-blind placebo washout. During 8 weeks nifedipine therapy the mean supine blood pressure was reduced from 173 (s.d. = 15.4)/107(s.d. = 6.4) mmHg to 150(s.d. = 16.7)/93(s.d. = 10.8) mmHg whereas the corresponding reduction for mefruside was from 174(s.d. = 15.9)/107(s.d. = 9.4) mmHg to 153(s.d. = 19.1)/94(s.d. = 9.7) mmHg. Neither drug affected postural changes in blood pressure. Standing blood pressure measurements under 8 weeks nifedipine therapy fell from 172(s.d. = 12.3)/103(s.d. = 5.6) mmHg to 150(s.d. = 17.9)/94(s.d. = 10.0) mmHg with corresponding changes for mefruside being 174(s.d. = 14.7)/106(s.d. = 9.0) mmHg to 150(s.d. = 20.2)/95(s.d. = 9.4) mmHg. Since blood pressures returned to within 4% of baseline values by the end of the placebo washout period it can be inferred that each therapy was a significant (P less than 0.05 for all blood pressure variables) antihypertensive treatment in its own right.

    Statistics from

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.