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A microbiological study of non-gonococcal proctitis in passive male homosexuals
  1. P. E. Munday,
  2. A. P. Johnson,
  3. B. J. Thomas,
  4. D. J. Jeffries,
  5. S. G. Dawson,
  6. M. J. Osborn,
  7. S. Philip,
  8. J. R. W. Harris,
  9. D. Taylor-Robinson

    Abstract

    In a study of 180 male homosexual patients attending a venereal disease clinic, a correlation was sought between symptoms and signs of proctitis and the isolation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, group B streptococci, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis and herpes simplex virus. Faecal specimens were examined for enteric pathogens and serological tests for hepatitis B virus, syphilitic and chlamydial infections were performed.

    There was no association between proctitis, as diagnosed by examination of a Gram-stained rectal smear, and the isolation of any micro-organism or detection of a positive serological test. There was, in addition, no association between any symptom or abnormal physical sign and any positive microbiological findings. Since 23% of patients from whom N. gonorrhoeae was isolated had no abnormal physical signs, it is difficult to assign a pathogenic role to other micro-organisms isolated from patients with and without clinical signs of proctitis. Approaches to further investigation of the problem are discussed.

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