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Treatment of adult lymphoblastic leukaemia using cyclical chemotherapy with three combinations of four drugs (COAP, POMP, TRAP schedule).
  1. S. J. Proctor,
  2. R. Finney,
  3. W. Walker,
  4. R. B. Thompson

    Abstract

    Seventeen adult patients with previously untreated acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) were entered into a schedule of chemotherapy in which 3 combinations, each of 4 drugs, were administered in a predetermined cyclical rotation in combination with cranial irradiation and intrathecal injections of methotrexate. Of the 17 patients, 16 completed induction therapy and 15 (94%) entered remission. The only patient with T-ALL died before receiving any therapy. The median survival for all patients (17) was 22 months. Meningeal leukaemia did not occur during the haematological remission phase although 3 patients developed this complication following relapse. The authors conclude that the addition of cyclophosphamide and cytosine arabinoside to vincristine/prednisone provides excellent remission induction but the aggressive maintenance schedule employed has not led to significant long-term survival.

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